Neo-Pagans may worship or honor one or more ancient pagan gods of ancient paganisms or even gods of their own imaginations. Often these gods are understood as aspects or “faces” of an underlying divine unity. Many Neo-Pagans honor an immanent Mother Earth Goddess, sometimes called “Gaia.”
Like Wiccans, many Neo-Pagans honor a Great Goddess and a masculine Consort god, of which all other pagan gods and goddesses are aspects. But unlike the Wiccan Goddess and her Consort, who are associated with summer/life and winter/death respectively, the Neo-Pagan pantheon is more complex. In Neo-Paganism, no one gender is associated exclusively with one season. Both masculine and feminine deities have light and dark aspects. The most common forms Neo-Pagan deities take are the Mother Earth Goddess, the Triple Goddess of the waxing, full, and waning moons, and a duo-form Horned God of the Sun and animal life.
Contrasting Neo-Pagan deities with Christian deities can be instructive. In contrast to the exclusively male godhead of Christianity, Neo-Pagans also honor the Mother Goddess. In contrast to the transcendent Father and bodiless Holy Ghost of Christianity, Neo-Pagans honor the Goddess who is embodied in the natural world, including the human body. In contrast to the sexless Father God and the unmarried Son God of Christianity, Neo-Pagans celebrate the passionate encounter between the Goddess and her Consort. In contrast to the exclusively beneficent Christ figure, Neo-Pagans honor a dark God of the Waning Year who balances the light-bringing God of the Waxing Year, as well as a dark aspect of the Triple Goddess.